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Revision as of 16:58, 5 March 2005 by Yoghurt (Talk | contribs) (Hardware requirements)

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FreeOrion can currently be compiled under Windows and Linux. Support for Mac OS X is underway, *BSD might also work, follow the Linux instructions in this case. (And drop us a note if you managed to build it)


First of all, you will need to obtain the source. This can be grabbed from our project page or from CVS. The version available on the project page usually corresponds to an official release, and so may be very out of date. If you are interested in helping program FreeOrion then you will need to grab the CVS copy. Then you need to set up the required software, compile the game, download the missing artwork, and run it.

Hardware requirements

The FreeOrion code makes heavy use of templates, and requires much memory to compile. If you have less than 256 MB of RAM plus at least the same amount of swap, you probably will run into trouble. You will also need a fast processor, expect 20-40 minutes for a first-time build on a 1.3GHz processor.

Software requirements

To compile the latest version of FreeOrion you will need GiGi. Here are the version numbers for software dependencies:

Getting the source


CVS can be obtained in Linux using these commands:

cvs -d:pserver:[email protected]:/cvsroot/freeorion login (if it asks for password, just hit enter)

cvs -z3 -d:pserver:[email protected]:/cvsroot/freeorion co FreeOrion

Note: Sometimes, the SourceForge CVS-server is under heavy load. If the commands above fail with 'EOF from server', just wait a few minutes and try again.

Tarball: Please use the tarball only as a last resort. Do not download the tarball just because you are too lazy to install CVS! Snapshot of the CVS-Repository


You can also download an older version of the software in a package from the project page. Remember that if you want to help develop, you will need to obtain a copy from CVS.

Compiling in Linux

Once you have the required software, in particular GiGi, installed, you need to compile FreeOrion. You have two options. The first is to run these commands:

  1. If you have the newest autotools-suite (autoconf 2.59, automake 1.7) installed , ./, otherwise use ./
  2. ./configure
  3. make

make install is neither needed nor supported at this time. You will have to run ./freeorion from FreeOrion's root-directory.

After these steps, the files freeorion, freeoriond and freeorionca should each be created in the root directory. Run ./freeorion to play the game. If you have trouble with the game appearing to deadlock at places, see the FAQ below.

Windows specific

Software requirements

To compile the latest version of FreeOrion you will need the MSVC compiler (you can use the free one), and the GiGi GUI library. Here are the version numbers for software dependencies:

Those can be found in precompiled format:

  • SDL_mixer - you can use the Win32 binary (
  • zlib - you can use zlib compiled DLL, version 1.2.1
  • DevIL - you can use DevIL 1.6.5 Windows SDK
  • SDL - there is a Development Library for Win32. I haven't tried them though
  • GraphViz - Zach has prebuilt this so you don't have to, and the original sources are included

Those must be compiled from the source:

  • Boost - version 1.32 or later.
  • log4cpp - 0.3.4b. Later versions may work.
  • FreeType - 2.1.7. Later versions may work.
  • GiGi - latest from CVS

Boost is built from the command line with a custom jam util you get from the sourceforge project page.

log4cpp, is built from the Visual C++ IDE. Don't mind the test projects.

GiGi has a couple of dependencies (FreeType, SDL, boost, log4cpp and DevIL) so get them before attempting to compiled GiGi. The debug targets are not completely configured, but you only need the release target for FreeOrion.

Getting the source from CVS

A Windows port of CVS is available. The commands are the same on Linux and Windows. You can also use other CVS tools such as TortoiseCVS for checking out. Mind that they may not be suited for committal because they are said to be prone to converting new line characters.

Compiling in Windows

Once you have the required software, in particular GiGi, installed, you need to compile FreeOrion.

Compiling with MSVC IDE

These instruction use the Visual C++ IDE.

  1. Open msvc\FreeOrion\FreeOrion.sln
  2. You need to configure the Additional Include Directories (in Project->Properties->C/C++->General) and Additional Library Directories (in Project->Properties->Linker->General) to point to where you installed the required software for all the targets you want to build.
  3. As the configuration assumes the GG's CVS root is in the CVS root of FreeOrion, it may be a good idea to put it there.
  4. use Build->Batch build... to build the three projects' release targets. I didn't get the debug targets to compile.

If you didn't change the Output File (or the $(OutDir) variable), the files will be created in their respective project and target directories. Move them to the root directory and provide the required DLLs (copy them, move them or put them in your path environnement variable). Run freeorion.exe to play the game.

Compiling with SCons

There is now an alternative build system for windows, based on SCons. Using SCons means that you only build the objects files once (with a couple of exceptions), instead of once for each executable. This reduces complete rebuild times to a third of what they are using the Visual C++ IDE. It also works completely from the command line, which should make it easier to use with the free MS C++ compiler.

To use SCons, you need to download and install SCons, which in turn requires Python. Go to the SCons website for details ( ). Make sure that SCons is in your path, and from a command-line prompt in the root of your FreeOrion source tree, just run "scons". You won't have to move the executables as you would using the IDE-build.

Obtaining Artwork

Some artwork may be missing from the game when you download it. You can obtain these images from: or You can also obtain an MD5 sum by doing this with the appropriate file extension:, etc.

If you have an existing default/config.xml file, you may need to remove the data-dir entry. Place the art above into default/data/art and default/data/sound

Troubles and Questions

Q. I get an undefined reference to `_vsnprintf'

A. This is a bug in the latest version of Devil. GiGi's configure script should've taken care of it. If it didn't, contact Yoghurt. In the meantime, you can fix the error yourself: Check the il_tiff.c file and add this line at the top:

#define _vsnprintf vsnprintf 

and then recompile [1]

Q. The game seems to freeze at certain places

A. This bug should be fixed now. If you still experience freezes/crashes and are using the autotools (configure & make) system, please contact Yoghurt. In the meantime, you can try to build FreeOrion with optimizations turned on:

  • make clean && make CXXFLAGS="-O3 -funroll-loops"

Q. The game crashes when I click on a star

A. The reason is missing artwork, see above. You can tell FreeOrion to not use animated Planets, just delete the file <FreeOrion Home Directory>/default/art/small/planets/planets.xml

Q. I get an error saying: "Video mode set failed: Couldn't find matching GLX visual"

A. Your video mode is probably set to 16 bit instead of 32, which is what FreeOrion defaults to. You need to either change your X color depth, or edit the FreeOrion config file in default/config.xml. Change color-depth from 32 to 16.